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  BLACKBERRY  

 

Latin Name : Rubus eubatus

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Genus: Rubus
Subgenus: Eubatus

 

General Info

The blackberry is a widespread and well known shrub commonly called a bramble.

It grows up to 3 m (10 ft) and produces a soft-bodied fruit.

Is used in desserts, jams, seedless jellies and sometimes wine.

The blackberry has a scrambling habit of dense arching stems carrying short curved very sharp spines although many thornless/spineless varieties have been developed.

The branches rooting from the node tip when they reach the ground. It is very pervasive, growing at fast daily rates in woods, scrub, hillsides and hedgerows, colonising large areas in a relatively short time.

It will tolerate poor soil, and is an early coloniser of wasteland and building sites.

It has palmate leaves of three to five leaflets.

Flowers are white or pink appearing from May to August, ripening to a black or dark purple fruit, the "blackberry."

Plant on 2 ft. spacings.

Domesticated varieties. Fruit is extra large and sweet.

Bears on two-year-old wood.

Harvest fruit continuously for 1 month.

Prune old canes after harvest for best production and to promote hedge-type growth. Low maintenance.

Does not require trellising. Self-fertile.

 

Pruning

Blackberries are susceptible to Rosette (also called Double Blossom) disease. Pruning canes to one foot above the ground immediately after fruiting season and removing the canes from the field reduces the occurrence of the disease. Blackberries bear on two-year-old wood. Fruiting wood is produced on the growth that occurs after pruning but before winter, so fertilize and water after pruning to promote rapid growth and next years crop.

 

Planting Info

Spacing  2' x 6'

Soil PH 6.0

Moisture Requirement Moderate

Pruning Requirement Moderate

 

VARIETIES

ARAPAHO - New release. Thornless. Large, firm fruit with small seeds. Good quality. Erect, self-supporting canes. Earliest ripening thornless variety. Ripens early May.

BRAZOS - One of the most widely known and popular variety. Very large attractive berries. Fairly firm with good flavor, good quality. Very vigorous and upright grower. Very productive and disease resistant. Ripen mid May.

NAVAHO - New release. Thornless. Erect thorn-free canes makes picking a pleasure. Good quality and production, although yields not as much as thorny varieties. Ripens in June.