Latin Name : Vitis ...

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Vitales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis


General Info

Grapes grow in clusters of 6 to 300, and can be black, blue, golden, green, purple-red and white.

They can be eaten raw or used for making grape juice, jelly wine and grape seed oil.

Raisins are the dried fruit of the grapevine, and the name actually comes from the French word for "grape".

Wild grapevines are often considered a nuisance weed, as they cover other plants with

  • A raisin is any dried grape.
  • A currant is a dried Zante grape.
  • A sultana is applied to raisins made from common North America grapes.

Plant on 10 ft. spacings. Must be trellised.

Requires little maintenance except for annual pruning.

Good for jellies, preserves, and wine.

Harvest in July.



Grapes must be trellised. Trellis supports the vines and fruit and maximize the use of sunlight. Many forms of trellis can be used. At planting, select the strongest vine and train to the top of the trellis. Cut off the growing tip and allow lateral branches to grow. Select four lateral "arms" to follow the trellis wires. Maintain the four lateral arms and remove any additional vines that may grow from the central vertical vine. Once the lateral arms have reached the desired length of approximately 5 feet, tip the growing point to stop elongation and to stimulate fruiting laterals to develop. Fruit is produced on year old fruiting spurs.


Planting Info


Soil PH

Moisture Requirement

Pruning Requirement



  • Vitis acerifolia

  • Vitis aestivalis

  • Vitis amurensis

  • Vitis arizonica

  • Vitis bourquina

  • Vitis californica

  • Vitis champinii

  • Vitis cinerea

  • Vitis doaniana

  • Vitis girdiana

  • Vitis labrusca

  • Vitis labruscana

  • Vitis lincecumii

  • Vitis monticola

  • Vitis mustangensis

  • Vitis novae-angliae

  • Vitis palmata

  • Vitis riparia

  • Vitis rotundifolia

  • Vitis rupestris

  • Vitis shuttleworthii

  • Vitis tiliifolia

  • Vitis vinifera

  • Vitis vulpina

CONCORD - Standard for bluish, black grapes. Excellent distinctive flavor is good in jellies and juice. Not as disease resistant or vigorous as varieties developed in South. Ripens late September.

NIAGARA - (White Concord). Very large, light green fruit with tangy, but delicate flavor. Excellent quality, good eating variety. Not as disease resistant or vigorous as varieties developed in South. Ripens late September.